How to Create a Vertical Garden in Small Spaces

How to Create a Vertical Garden in Small Spaces

How to Create a Vertical Garden in Small Spaces

Gardening is a wonderful way to beautify your living space and connect with nature. However, if you have limited space, you might think that creating a garden is out of the question. Well, think again! With a vertical garden, small spaces can be transformed into lush green areas bursting with life. In this article, we will guide you through the steps of creating your very own vertical garden, even in the tiniest of spaces.


Vertical gardens, also known as living walls or green walls, are an innovative way to grow plants vertically instead of horizontally. These gardens are not only visually stunning but also provide several benefits such as maximizing space utilization, improving air quality, reducing noise levels, and promoting biodiversity. In addition, they can be created both indoors and outdoors, making them suitable for various environments.

Step 1: Assess Your Space

Before diving into creating a vertical garden, it is important to evaluate and understand your space limitations. Measure the available area and take note of factors like sunlight exposure, wind, and access to water sources. This information will help you determine the types of plants that will thrive in your environment and the best design for your vertical garden.

Step 1.1: Sunlight Exposure

Identify how much sunlight your space receives throughout the day. This will help you choose plants that are suited to either full sun, partial shade, or full shade conditions. Observe the patterns of sunlight and shade to find the best spots for your garden.

Step 1.2: Wind Considerations

Strong winds can damage plants and hinder their growth. If your space is exposed to windy conditions, consider installing windbreakers such as trellises or mesh to protect your vertical garden. This will ensure that your plants remain healthy and undamaged.

Step 1.3: Access to Water Sources

It is crucial to have easy access to water for your vertical garden. Consider the proximity of water sources and the availability of irrigation systems. If your space is limited, you may need to explore alternative watering methods, such as automatic drip systems or self-watering pots.

Step 2: Choose the Right Plants

Selecting the right plants is vital for the success of your vertical garden. Factors to consider when choosing plants include their water requirements, growth habits, and adaptability to varying light conditions. Here are some options to consider:

Step 2.1: Choosing Low-Maintenance Plants

If you have a busy lifestyle or lack gardening experience, opt for low-maintenance plants that can thrive with minimal care. Succulents, air plants, and certain types of ferns are great choices as they require less watering and can withstand fluctuations in light levels.

Step 2.2: Edible Vertical Gardens

For those with a green thumb and a love for fresh produce, consider creating an edible vertical garden. Small fruiting plants like strawberries, herbs such as basil and mint, and leafy greens like lettuce and spinach can be grown vertically, providing you with a bountiful harvest.

Step 2.3: Flowering Plants for Color

If you want to add a splash of colors to your vertical garden, incorporate flowering plants. Choose varieties that are suitable for your specific climate and blooming seasons. Popular choices include petunias, pansies, and marigolds.

Step 3: Design and Installation

Once you have assessed your space and selected the plants, it’s time for the fun part – designing and installing your vertical garden!

Step 3.1: Vertical Structures

Select a suitable structure to support your plants vertically. Some options include trellises, planters, hanging baskets, pallets, or modular vertical gardening systems. Ensure the structure is sturdy and securely fixed to the wall or freestanding in your space.

Step 3.2: Soil and Irrigation

Choose a high-quality, well-draining soil mixture suitable for your plant selections. Ensure that the soil retains moisture without becoming waterlogged. Consider using a lightweight soil mixture for vertical gardens, as it will help minimize stress on the structure. Install an irrigation system that suits your garden’s needs, such as drip irrigation or a simple hand-watering routine.

Step 3.3: Plant Placement

Arrange your selected plants based on their lighting requirements, growth habits, and aesthetics. Allow enough space for each plant to grow and avoid overcrowding. Consider trailing plants that can hang down for added visual interest.


Creating a vertical garden in small spaces is an excellent way to maximize your gardening potential. With careful planning and the right plants, you can transform any wall, balcony, or small outdoor nook into a vibrant oasis. Remember to assess your space, choose plants wisely, and design your garden for both functionality and beauty.


Q1: How do I maintain a vertical garden?

A1: Proper maintenance includes regular watering, fertilizing as needed, pruning overgrown plants, and monitoring for pests or diseases. Don’t forget to check the soil moisture levels regularly.

Q2: Can I start a vertical garden indoors?

A2: Yes, indoor vertical gardens are becoming increasingly popular. Just ensure your chosen plants receive adequate light and proper care.

Q3: How do I choose a suitable wall for my vertical garden?

A3: Look for walls that receive sufficient sunlight and have a sturdy structure that can support the weight of the plants and irrigation system.

Q4: What if I don’t have access to a water source?

A4: Consider using self-watering pots or installing a rainwater harvesting system to collect and reuse water for your vertical garden.

Q5: Can I plant trees in a vertical garden?

A5: Vertical gardens are not suitable for large trees due to their extensive root systems. However, smaller ornamental trees or dwarf varieties can be considered.